1.The plural of villus (hair) is ____________ whereas the plural of diagnosis is ____________
2.Three common components of a feedback loop are
a stimulus, an integrating (control) center, and an organ system.
a stimulus, a receptor, and an integrating (control) center.
a receptor, an integrating (control) center, and an effector.
a receptor, an organ, and an organ system.
a receptor, an integrating (control) center, and an organ system.
3. The ____________ is defined as a healthy male 22 years old, weighing 70 kg (154 lb), under no environmental stress, and consuming 2,800 kilocalories (kcal) per day; whereas the ________ is the same except for a weight of 58 kg (128 lb) and an intake of 2,000 kcal/day.
normal man, normal woman
normal male, normal female
average man, average woman
average male, average woman
reference man, reference woman
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4. Stereoscopic vision provides
5. The constant appearance of new strains of influenza virus is an example of
6. _____________ is the view that not everything about an organism can be understood or predicted from the knowledge of its components; that is, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
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7. Most primates are ________________, meaning they live in trees.
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8. The terms physics, physiology, and physician come from a term that ___ proposed to distinguish natural causes from supernatural causes.
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9. The lexicon of standard international anatomical terms
is called Terminologia Anatomica (TA).
is called Nomina Anatomica (NA).
is formed from thousands of English word roots.
is formed from thousands of Italian word roots.
is formed from thousands of French word roots.
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10. Hypercalcemia means
elevated calcium levels in blood.
lowered calcium levels in bone.
elevated sodium levels in blood.
elevated calcium levels in bone.
lowered calcium levels in the blood.
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11. ___________________ was the first to publish accurate drawings of the body, and is thus regarded as “the father of modern anatomy.”
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12. Feeling structures with your fingertips is called _________, whereas tapping on the body and listening for sounds of abnormalities is called ____________
13. The principal theory of how evolution works is called
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14. Which of the following was an adaptation evolved in connection with human upright walking?
thumbs fully opposable
spinal and pelvic anatomy
15. The process of using numerous observations to develop general principles and predictions about a specific subject is called
16. Which of the following lists levels of human structure from the most complex to the simplest?
organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system
organ system, organ, cell, tissue, organelle
organ system, organelle, tissue, cell, organ
organ system, organ, tissue, cell, organelle
organ, organ system, tissue, cell, organelle
17. Taking apart a clock to see how it works is similar to ____________ thinking about human physiology.
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18. Which of the following lists examples of body structures from the simplest to the most complex?
mitochondrion, connective tissue, protein, stomach, adipocyte (fat cell)
protein, mitochondrion, adipocyte (fat cell), connective tissue, stomach
mitochondrion, connective tissue, stomach, protein, adipocyte (fat cell)
protein, adipocyte (fat cell), stomach, connective tissue, mitochondrion
protein, stomach, connective tissue, adipocyte (fat cell), mitochondrion
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19. Negative feedback loops are
associated with “vicious circles.”
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20. Humans are born before their nervous system have matured, which is traceable to
their inability to regulate body temperature.
skeletal adaptations to bipedalism.
the arboreal habits of early primates.
the conditions of modern civilization.
the diet of early species of Homo.