provide general view about pain in children and why pain in children must be assessed and managed effectively. in the body start briefly with the types of pain in children( chronic and acute).
outline the common pain in children( example : abdominal pain, headache) discuss the approaches of pain assessment in children.
consider pain assessment in specific children population (neonates, infants, children with communication & cognitive impairment, children with chronic illness).
( explain the assessment tools used in each stage of childhood )
explore the approaches of pain management in children. apprise the consequences of untreated pain in children. examine the challenges in the nursing assessment and management of pain in children ( nursing challenges such as knowledge of tools of assessment, communication, skills, the believe of pain ) also challenges on institutional level ( overload work, short of equipment, policy). and how the nurse can manage or overcome these challenges. Discuss the benefits of good pain management on the child and his family.