1. In their studies with rhesus monkeys, Margaret and Harry Harlow determined that their subjects manifested the least amount of developmental damage when they were
A. provided with a wire mesh “monkey” that included a feeding nipple.
B. raised on a diet of goat’s milk and soy meal.
C. provided with a soft terrycloth “surrogate mother.”
D. simply left alone to fend for themselves.
2. Which of the following sociological perspectives draws on the philosophy of idealism to propose that values are the core of any culture?
A. Social conflict
C. Cultural relativity
3. The symbolic interaction perspective in sociology emerged from whose idea that sociology should take the perspective of people or groups being studied?
A. W. E. B. DuBois
B. August Comte
C. Max Weber
D. Erving Goffman
1. Who coined the term sociology?
A. Thomas Hobbes
B. August Comte
2. Which of the following statements best represents the findings of the classic study conducted at Stanford University by Phillip Zimbardo?
A. A social setting, such as a prison, can encourage brutality and violence.
B. People are, by nature, inherently prone to violence.
C. When people are thrown into unfamiliar environments, hostility flourishes.
D. A social setting, such as a prison, is designed to humiliate and alienate prisoners.
3. Among key values espoused in American culture, which one is most clearly associated with a common, usually male, bias against emotion and intuition as sources of knowledge?
B. Achievement and personal success
D. Material comfort
1. For most children, schooling is their first experience of
A. social structures.
C. the subtle curriculum.
2. Which of the following statements is true regarding the study of human development?
A. Industrialization created childhood as a distinct stage of life.
B. Fifty years ago, children typically experienced more stress and anxiety than do today’s children.
C. The modern concept of childhood developed during the Middle Ages.
D. The boundary between adolescence and adulthood is defined by biological maturity.
3. According to research discussed in your text, which of the following groups has been found to have the lowest rate of suicide?
A. Black women
B. White women
C. White men
D. Black men
1. The growth of cities is accounted for, in part, by what is called the _______ movement, whereby land owners fenced off more and more private farmland to raise livestock, such as sheep.
A. barbed wire
2. Religious beliefs centered on one God is associated with what phase of human social evolution?
B. Hunting and gathering
3. According to your text, a main cause of cultural change is
1. Peter Berger described the sociological perspective as seeing the
A. familiar in the strange.
B. particular in the general.
C. general in the particular.
D. strange in the familiar.
2. Leila, who had lived all her life in Ames, Iowa, experienced disorientation when she arrived in Paris, France. Her tour guide told her not to worry; she was only experiencing what sociologists call
A. cultural relativism.
C. jet lag.
D. culture shock.
3. Jake Doe is undergoing resocialization. What can he expect during the second phase of this process?
A. Manipulation through rewards and punishments
B. Social isolation
C. Increasing trust and intimacy
D. Degradation and elimination of his former identity